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2016 OSAP Default Rates and Repayment Assistance Usage Rates

Why this Information is Important

To help students assess the financial risk and learn about prior student loan borrower outcomes, the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development collects and publishes the following indicators by institution and program for Canada-Ontario Integrated Student Loan (COISL) recipients:

  • OSAP default rates
  • OSAP Repayment Assistance Plan (RAP) usage rates
  • combined OSAP Repayment Assistance Plan usage and default rates

On this page you’ll find:

How the 2016 Rates are Calculated

The 2016 OSAP loan repayment measures reflect the repayment status of students who:

  • were issued Canada-Ontario Integrated Student Loans in the 2013-14 academic year, and
  • completed or left their studies by 2014-15.

The default status of these loans was assessed as of July 2016, or about two years after the 2013-14 OSAP academic year.

Institutional default rates are calculated using the last institution and program the student attended in 2013-14 while receiving a Canada-Ontario Integrated Student Loan.

The overall 2016 rates for Ontario postsecondary institutions are as follows:

  • OSAP default rate: 7.5%
  • RAP usage rates: 33.4%
  • combined RAP usage and default rates: 39.9%

2016 OSAP Default Rates

When is a Loan in Default?

An OSAP loan has specific repayment terms and conditions. If the borrower does not follow them (e.g., they miss multiple payments), their loan will go into default.

When the loan goes into default, the National Student Loans Service Centre (NSLSC) submits a claim to the Province of Ontario and/or Government of Canada.

Submitted default claims are paid by the provincial and federal government. The loan is then turned over to a collection agency.

What are the Overall 2016 OSAP Default Rates?

The overall 2016 default rate for Ontario postsecondary institutions is 7.5%.

The 2016 default rates based on institution type are as follows:

  • publicly-assisted universities: 3.3%
  • publicly-assisted colleges: 9.8%
  • private career colleges: 16.4%
  • other private and publicly-funded institutions: 2.5%.

Default rates are calculated based on the number of defaulted loans versus the total number of loans issued for students at the institution.

Learn more: 2016 COISL Default Rates by Student Characteristics for Ontario

Prior Years OSAP Default Rate Details

To see the OSAP default rate information prior to 2016, select from the links, below.

2016 OSAP Repayment Assistance Plan Usage Rates

What is the Repayment Assistance Plan (RAP)?

The Repayment Assistance Plan (RAP) provides help to borrowers having difficulty repaying their student loans. If their RAP application is approved, either no payment is required, or the borrower qualifies for a reduced payment for 6 months.

The borrower’s family income (borrower, and spouse if applicable), family size and amount of student loan debt are used to determine eligibility.

One term of RAP is for 6 months. The borrower can re-apply for RAP at the end of the 6 month term.

Read more: Repayment Assistance Plan (RAP)

What are the Overall OSAP Repayment Assistance Plan Usage Rates?

The overall 2016 Repayment Assistance Plan (RAP) usage rate of the borrowers who received loans in 2013-14 for Ontario postsecondary institutions is 33.4%.

The 2016 RAP usage rates based on institution type are as follows:

  • publicly-assisted universities: 30.3%
  • publicly-assisted colleges: 34.3%
  • private career colleges: 42.7%
  • other private and publicly-funded institutions: 35.7%

RAP usage rates are calculated based on the number of borrowers who used RAP for one or more terms versus the total number of loan recipients.

Learn more: OSAP Repayment Assistance Plan Usage Rates

2016 OSAP Combined RAP Usage and Default Rates

What are the Overall Combined RAP Usage and Default Rates?

The overall 2016 combined RAP usage and default rate for Ontario postsecondary institutions is 39.9%.

The 2016 combined RAP usage and default rate based on institution type are as follows:

  • publicly-assisted universities: 33%
  • publicly-assisted colleges: 42.7%
  • private career colleges: 57.6%
  • other private and publicly-funded institutions: 37.9%

The combined RAP usage and default rates are calculated based on the number of borrowers who were in default and/or used RAP for one or more terms versus the total number of loan recipients.

Go to Details: 2016 Ontario Combined RAP Usage and Default Rates, below, for complete details on the various default and RAP usage rates.

Why are the RAP Usage Rates and Combined RAP Usage and Default Rates important?

To help students obtain a fuller picture of financial risk, the 2016 reports now include the default rate, RAP usage rate and combined rate of these two items.

A high RAP usage rate indicates that a large proportion of borrowers had low income for one or more 6-month period(s) after leaving their studies.

An institution or program with a low default rate may have a high RAP usage rate.

Prospective students are encouraged to also review the graduate employment outcomes and graduation rates for the programs and institutions they are thinking about attending.

Details: 2016 Ontario Combined RAP Usage and Default Rates

Institution Accountabilities

Postsecondary institutions have an important role to play in reducing loan defaults. Some measures schools have implemented include:

  • improving program quality and relevance
  • ensuring adequate testing and admissions practices
  • informing students of loan repayment and repayment assistance
  • providing support to students to complete their studies
  • assisting with job searches

In addition, OSAP approved private institutions in Ontario must achieve:

  • Both an overall graduation rate and an overall graduate employment rate of at least 80% of the overall average rate for Ontario Public Colleges in at least one of every three years.
  • An overall default rate that is at or below the default rate threshold in at least one of every four years. The first year of default rates included in this standard are the 2016 default rates of 2013-14 borrowers.

Sharing the Cost of Loan Defaults

An institution is responsible for sharing the costs of loan default if their default rate is above a defined percentage of the provincial average default rate.

For loans issued in the 2013-14 academic year, any institutions with a 2016 loan default rate over 25% are responsible for sharing the loan default costs.

Reporting Program Outcomes

To help students make an informed decision on their studies, the following information on an institution’s programs must be posted on their website:

  • default rates
  • repayment assistance plan usage rates
  • graduation rates
  • graduate employment rates

Learn more: Graduation rates and graduate employment rates

Other Loan Default Mitigation Initiatives

    Credit Screening

    Students aged 22 and older who have been in arrears for 90 days or more on three or more personal loans or credit accounts in the past three years, each with a value of $1,000 or more, are ineligible for student loans.

    Income Verification

    The ministry verifies income information that students, and their parent(s) or spouse provides (if applicable) to OSAP with Canada Revenue Agency.

    Closing the Bankruptcy Loophole

    Federal legislation exempts federal and provincial student loans from being included in bankruptcy proceedings for a 7-year period following students’ completion of their studies.

    Collections

    The province recovers monies owed on student loans through contracted private collection agencies and set-offs against income tax refunds.